课窝SAT考试网
课窝SAT考试网
SAT考试不得不知的
“考试利器”

新SATessay如何进行修辞分析最有效

501人浏览 2018-06-26 分享到|

  众所周知,SAT或ACT考试成绩在美国大学申请中占有一定的地位,尽管美国的大学并不是唯分数论,但是对于要求提供SAT或ACT考试成绩的学校来说,申请者如果能取得较好的SAT或ACT成绩就会为申请增加成功的砝码。

  SAT2,亦称SATII,或SAT Subject,是美国大学录取应届高中生时采用的学业水平考试。SAT2考试采用全球统一试卷,因此其成绩具有全球可比性,是衡量不同地区学生的学业水平的重要参考,在录取实际操作过程中往往替代高中成绩单。不同于SAT的综合能力测试,SAT2是一种专项水平测试,考察学生某一科目的水平。目前SAT2的科目分为数学、科学、语言、英语、历史与社会科学五大类。其中数学类有数学一和数学二两门,科学类有物理、化学、生物三门,语言类有法语、德语、西班牙语、中文、日语、韩语、希伯莱语、拉丁语等十二门,英语类只有英语文学一门;历史与社会科学类有美国历史和世界历史两门。以上加起来共计二十门考试。目前北美地区每年有7次考试,分别在1月,3月,5月,6月,10月,11月,12月的第一个周六;世界其他地区3月没有考试,其他6次考试时间与北美相同。

  新SAT的写作部分,要求考生先阅读一篇600 - 800字之间的议论文,通常来自美国各大报刊杂志或权威学术期刊,属于标准的学术类文章。然后考生须分析作者运用了怎样的修辞手法和表达方式建立其论点,以及是如何说服读者的。相应的,The College Board会从阅读理解、分析逻辑和书面语言这三个方面对考生进行评分。


book-2391006__340.jpg


  As you read the passage below, consider how Eric Klinenberg uses

  evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims.

  reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence.

  stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed.

  (新SAT作文要求)

  根据OG给出的官方评分标准,一篇高质文章需要有一个好的框架,而一个好的框架要具备一些很关键的要素。首先,它必须清楚表述作者的论点是什么,且最好在introduction段呈现论点。Intro段之后,需要有至少三个支撑段,我们称这种支撑段为body paragraph。在每个body paragraph中,需要有一个中心的claim和相应的evidence来支撑这个claim。OG中也指出,evidence主要包括以下几种:facts事实,credible sources可靠的信息来源,或者是 examples例子。此外,一个好的conclusion来重申、深化作者的argument也显得尤为重要。

  根据上述的文章框架,修辞分析,即所给文章的作者运用到的文学上的手法,就在充实body paragraph中起了重要作用。当然,有一点需要明确的是,作者运用修辞分析的目的肯定离不开其中心claim的构建。为了更好的打动读者、加强文章对读者的说服力,作者会用到很多修辞手法比如metaphor暗喻,simile明喻,appeal to emotion诉诸情感,comparison/contrast比较对比(注意contrast更多强调的是不同点之间的比较),word choice词汇选择,repetition重复,或者propaganda夸大宣传等手法。这些手法会让读者更加深入、有效的了解作者的观点。

  要抓到作者的这些手法,建议考生在阅读文章的同时养成有意识的做笔记的习惯,在文章都边边角角写注释并圈圈点点重要的修辞手法,当然,这要求学生首先能留意到并识别出这些手法,但是要注意的一点就是,我们提醒学生不要标注过多的注释,并注意从注释的手法当中有侧重的挑选修辞手法进入自己的essay写作。

  下面小编将为大家介绍10种中英文对照的、常见的英文修辞手法及例句,让你一步步摸清新SAT写作的“套路”。

  1.Metaphor 隐喻

  The definition of a metaphor is a figure of speech containing an implied comparison, in which a word or phrase ordinarily and primarily used of one thing is applied to another. For example, "the curtain of night" or "all the world's a stage."

  隐喻的定义是“隐含比较的比喻“,将一个事物的词或短语应用于另一个事物上。比如“夜幕”或“世界是一个舞台” (出自莎士比亚)

  Example 例句:

  German guns and German planes rained down bombs, shells and bullets.

  德国枪炮和德国飞机降下枪弹雨林。

  Time is a thief.

  时间是小偷 。

  Rollercoaster of emotions.

  如过山车般的情绪

  2.Simile 明喻

  Similes are one of the most common forms of figurative language and can be found just about anywhere: plays, poems, song lyrics, even everyday conversations. A simile is a figure of speech that compares two different things in an interesting way. The object of a simile is to spark an interesting connection in a reader's or listener's mind.

  明喻是一种最常见的修辞手法,适用于多种形式:戏剧、诗歌、歌词、甚至是日常对话。明喻用一种有趣的方式比较两种不同的事物,目的在于启发读者或听者在这两种事物之间建立一种有趣的联系。

  Example 例句:

  as busy as a bee (it's commonly thought that bees are very industrious)

  像蜜蜂一样忙碌 (人们普遍认为蜜蜂很勤劳)

  This contract is as solid as the ground we stand on.

  这份合同如同我们脚下的土地一样坚实。

  It has long leaves that sway in the wind like slim finger-reaching to touch something.

  它有长长的叶子在风中摆动,像伸出纤细的手指去触摸什么东西似的。

  3.Metonymy 借喻

  The definition of a metonymy is a figure of speech in which one thing is replaced with a word closely associated with it. An example of a metonymy is referring to the King as "the Crown."

  借喻是指一个词被另一个与它密切相关的词取代,比如人们通常用“皇冠”指代国王。

  Example 例句:

  The pen is mightier than the sword. - This sentence has two examples of metonymy: The "pen" stands in for "the written word."

  笔比剑更有威力 - 这个句子有两个借代的例子:“笔”代表“文字”。

  The White House - in place of the President or others who work there

  用白宫指代总统或其他在那里工作的人

  Lend me your ears! - Ears - for giving attention

  借用你们的耳朵!- 用“耳朵”指代“注意力”

  4.Synecdoche 提喻

  The definition of a Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part.

  提喻是指用一部分指代整体或整体的一部分。

  Example 例句:

  Calling a car “wheels” is a synecdoche because a part of a car “wheels” stands for the whole car.

  用“轮子”指代汽车,因为“轮子”是车的一部分。

  Music is my bread and butter – Bread represents food in general or money.

  音乐是我的面包和黄油——用面包代表食物或金钱。

  The phrase "hired hands" can be used to refer to workmen.

  “雇帮手”指代雇用工人。

  5.Synesthesia 通感

  The definition of a Synesthesia is a figure of speech in which one sense is described using terms from another. Examples of synesthesia often are in the form of a simile, as this is an easy way to link two previously unconnected images. For example, you might say, “The silence was as thick as a forest.”

  通感是用其中一个感官的感受去描述另一个感官的感受,通常是以明喻的形式联系起两个毫无关系的事物,例如,你可能会说:“寂静就像森林一样茂密。”

  Example 例句:

  You are looking cool -The visual sensation is blended with the sense of touch.

  你看起来很酷——视觉感与触觉的混合。

  His words cut the air like a dagger.

  他的话像匕首一样使人窒息。

  Thy voice is like wine to me.

  这个声音对我来说就像美酒一样

  6.Personification拟人化

  The definition of a Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing, an idea or an animal is given human attributes.

  拟人化是给事物、思想或动物赋予了人的属性的一种修辞手法。

  Example 例句:

  Look at my car. She is a beauty, isn’t it so?

  看看我的车。她是个美人,不是吗?

  The wind whispered through dry grass.

  风悄悄地穿过干草。

  The flowers danced in the gentle breeze.

  花儿在微风中翩翩起舞。

  7.Hyperbole 夸张

  The definition of a Hyperbole is a figure of speech which involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis.

  夸张是一种用于强调、突出目的等修辞手法。

  Example 例句:

  My grandmother is as old as the hills.

  我的祖母像山坡一样老。

  Your suitcase weighs a ton!

  你的箱子重一吨!

  I am dying of shame.

  我羞得要死了。

  8.Parallelism 排比

  The definition of a Parallelism is a figure of speech that use of components in a sentence are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction, sound, meaning or meter.

  排比是一种使用多个语法成分类似或者构造、声音、意义类似的修辞手法。

  Example 例句:

  Like father, like son.

  有其父,必有其子

  Whether in class, at work or at home, Michael was always busy.

  无论是在课堂上、在工作中还是在家里,Michael总是很忙。

  Easy come, easy go.

  来得容易去得也容易

  9.Irony 讽刺

  The definition of a Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that may end up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. In simple words, it is a difference between the appearance and the reality.

  讽刺用于描述和实际意义完全不同的情况,或者和预期完全不一样的结果,简单来说,就是表面和现实并不相同。

  Example 例句:

  “Oh great! Now you have broken my new camera.”

  “噢,太棒了!你把我的新相机弄坏了。”

  You laugh at a person who slipped stepping on a banana peel and the next thing you know, you slipped too.

  你嘲笑一个踩在香蕉皮上滑倒的人,下一秒,你也会重蹈覆辙。

  I posted a video on YouTube about how boring and useless YouTube is.

  我在YouTube上发布了一段视频用来说明YouTube是多么无聊和无用。

  10.Euphemism 委婉

  The definition of Euphemism is an inoffensive or indirect expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive or too harsh.

  委婉是一种用无害的或间接的方式来替代过于冒犯或苛刻的表达的一种修辞手法。

  Example 例句:

  Passed away instead of died

  用“去世“代替”死亡“

  Correctional facility instead of jail

  用“矫正所”代替“坐牢”

  On the streets instead of homeless

  用“露宿街头”代替“无家可归”

  以上就是今天分享的SAT考试相关内容了,如果还想获得更多SAT2的作用以及SAT2都考什么,或者想要了解更多的SAT2多少分或者SAT2复习资料,都可以关注我们的课窝SAT考试网,在线联系我们,我们也会继续为大家带来更多干货!


底图/

新SATessay如何进行修辞分析最有效

SAT声明

未经课窝SAT考试网书面许可,任何单位或个人不得转载、复制本网站内容;否则我方将依法追究法律责任。

专家答疑-让专家主动与您联系

获取验证码

联系我们

  • 中国上海
  • 中国南京
  • 新加坡
  • 澳大利亚悉尼
  • 电话4008506500
    QQ1930985533
    微信kewo12
    地址中国上海市杨浦区国泰路11号复旦科技园大厦10楼1001室
  • 电话4008506500
    QQ1930985533
    微信kewo12
    地址中国江苏省南京市秦淮区中山东路198号龙台国际大厦裙楼303室
  • 电话400 880 6200
    QQ1930985533
    微信kewo12
    地址Blk 212 Hougang St 21,#03-329 (S)530212
  • 电话4008506500
    QQ1930985533
    微信kewo12
    地址Suite 601, Level 6, 109 Pitt Street, Sydney, NSW 2000
在线咨询
SAT考试这样准备必拿高分! 在线咨询