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新SAT阅读文章中的关系题破解方法

593人浏览 2018-08-10 分享到|

  众所周知,SAT或ACT考试成绩在美国大学申请中占有一定的地位,尽管美国的大学并不是唯分数论,但是对于要求提供SAT或ACT考试成绩的学校来说,申请者如果能取得较好的SAT或ACT成绩就会为申请增加成功的砝码。

  SAT2在考取美国高中时不是必须的,有些好的大学也不要求,但是如果不考SAT2高中毕业想申请好的大学时就会受到很大限制。

  首先,要搞清楚所要申请学校的要求。并非所有的美国大学都要求有SAT2成绩,相当一部分普通大学和少量名校都不需要(NOT REQUIRED)考SAT2。如果你申请的学校都是不需要SAT2成绩的,而你备考TOEFL、SAT1的时间又很紧张,那么就没有必要去考SAT2。但大部分的美国名校是需要有SAT2成绩的,一般是需要两门或三门。在需要SAT2成绩的学校中,对具体科目的要求又不尽相同,有的学校没有规定科目,有的则给出了相当程度的指定,如加州理工学院(CALTECH)就要求所有申请者必须提供SAT2的数学2和科学类中的一门(即物理或化学或生物)成绩。

  新SAT阅读中有一个题目是考察学生分析原文段落中各个部分的关系,这里小编称之为“关系题”,这些关系题可能会考察文中提及的事件、任务或者观点之间的因果、对比或者递进等关系,处理不好的话可能就会丢分在此了,小编今天跟大家分享的就是关于这一类题目的解题方法,首选我们先来看几道练习真题。


新SAT阅读文章中的“关系题”破解方法


  真题一

  Antipathy is the only word which can express the 35 feeling Edward Crimsworth had for me—a feeling, in a great measure, involuntary, and which was liable to be excited by every, the most trifling movement, look, or word of mine. My southern accent annoyed him; the degree of education evinced in my language 4〇 irritated him; my punctuality, industry, and accuracy, fixed his dislike, and gave it the high flavour and poignant relish of envy; he feared that I too should one day make a successful tradesman.

  Had I been in anything interior to him> he would not 45 have hated me so thoroughly, but I knew all that he knew, and, what was worse, he suspected that I kept the padlock of silence on mental wealth in which he was no sharer. If he could have once placed me in a ridiculous or mortifying position, he would have so forgiven me much, but I was guarded by three faculties—Caution, Tact, Observation; and prowling and prying as was Edward's malignity, it could never baffle the lynx-eyes of these, my natural sentinels. Day by day did his malice watch my tact, hoping it 55 would sleep, and prepared to steal snake-like on its slumber; but tact, if it be genuine, never sleeps.

  The passage indicates that Edward Crimsworth's behavior was mainly caused by his

  A) impatience with the narrator's high spirits.

  B) scorn of the narrator^ humble background.

  C) indignation at the narrator's rash actions.

  D) jealousy of the narrator^ apparent superiority.

  真题二

  We ask woman's enfranchisement, as the first step toward the recognition of that essential element in government that can only secure the health,strength, and prosperity of the nation. Whatever is done to lift 65 woman to her true position will help to usher in a new day of peace and perfection for the race.

  In speaking of the masculine element, I do not wish to be understood to say that all men are hard, selfish, and brutal, for many of the most beautiful 7〇 spirits the world has known have been clothed with manhood; but I refer to those characteristics, though often marked in woman, that distinguish what is called the stronger sex. For example, the love of acquisition and conquest, the very pioneers of 75 civilization, when expended on the earth, the sea, the elements, the riches and forces of nature, are powers of destruction when used to subjugate one man to another or to sacrifice nations to ambition.

  Here that great conservator of woman's love, if 80 permitted to assert itself, as it naturally would in freedom against oppression, violence, and war, would hold all these destructive forces in check, for woman knows the cost of life better than man does, and not with her consent would one drop of blood 85 ever be shed, one life sacrificed in vain.

  The sixth paragraph (lines 67-78) is primarily concerned with establishing a contrast between

  A) men and women.

  B) the spiritual world and the material world.

  C) bad men and good men.

  D) men and masculine traits.

  不知道上面两道真题同学们有没有得出答案,在给两道真题作出解析前,我们先来了解一下新SAT阅读的关系题中常见的几种关系,以及这些关系题的破解方法,然后我们套用这些方法来解析一下上面两道题。

  如何破解“关系题”

  Step 1 在原文中找到题干所涉及的观点、事件或人物。

  Step 2 根据上述提供的关系,判断观点、事件、人物二者的关系。

  Step 3 排除不符合原文所描述的关系的干扰项。

  Step 4 锁定最佳答案。

  常见的几种关系

  1) Cause-and effect/sequence(因果/顺序关系)

  主要考察事情的前因后果以及发展先后顺序。

  2)Comparison-contrast(对比/类比关系)

  主要考察两个观点之间的异同,二者是互为支持还是相互排斥。

  3)Adding support(支撑关系)

  考察研究或者专家观点对作者观点的支撑关系。

  4)Personal relationship(人物关系)

  考察人物身份关系以及二者所持观点的异同。

  以上就是今天分享的SAT考试相关内容了,如果还想获得更多SAT2出成绩以及SAT2辅导,或者想要了解更多的SAT2官网或者SAT2化学真题,都可以关注我们的课窝SAT考试网,在线联系我们,我们也会继续为大家带来更多干货!


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新SAT阅读文章中的关系题破解方法

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