课窝SAT考试网
课窝SAT考试网
SAT考试不得不知的
“考试利器”

深度解析新SAT写作样题

635人浏览 2018-06-01 分享到|

  SAT2在考取美国高中时不是必须的,有些好的大学也不要求,但是如果不考SAT2高中毕业想申请好的大学时就会受到很大限制。

  众所周知,SAT或ACT考试成绩在美国大学申请中占有一定的地位,尽管美国的大学并不是唯分数论,但是对于要求提供SAT或ACT考试成绩的学校来说,申请者如果能取得较好的SAT或ACT成绩就会为申请增加成功的砝码。

  SAT2,亦称SATII,或SAT Subject,是美国大学录取应届高中生时采用的学业水平考试。SAT2考试采用全球统一试卷,因此其成绩具有全球可比性,是衡量不同地区学生的学业水平的重要参考,在录取实际操作过程中往往替代高中成绩单。不同于SAT的综合能力测试,SAT2是一种专项水平测试,考察学生某一科目的水平。目前SAT2的科目分为数学、科学、语言、英语、历史与社会科学五大类。其中数学类有数学一和数学二两门,科学类有物理、化学、生物三门,语言类有法语、德语、西班牙语、中文、日语、韩语、希伯莱语、拉丁语等十二门,英语类只有英语文学一门;历史与社会科学类有美国历史和世界历史两门。以上加起来共计二十门考试。目前北美地区每年有7次考试,分别在1月,3月,5月,6月,10月,11月,12月的第一个周六;世界其他地区3月没有考试,其他6次考试时间与北美相同。

  SAT2是SAT Subject Test的通俗说法,目前分为数学、科学、语言、英语、历史与社会科学五大类,共二十门考试。其中数学类有数学一和数学二两门;科学类有物理、化学、生物三门;语言类有法语、德语、西班牙语、中文、日语、韩语、希伯莱语、拉丁语等十二门;英语类只有英语文学一门;历史与社会科学类有美国历史和世界历史两门。

  SAT1和SAT2的总分分别是多少?SAT1和SAT2的总分都是2400分,SAT1写作阅读数学三门各800分,SAT2也是三门自选各800分。

  SAT写作改革重点

  重新改革的SAT将会更加贴近美国高中教育同时配合美国大学人才的需求。新的SAT作文考试会更加侧重学生能不能够完全适应美国大学里面的学术写作要求,日常的作业,和论文的完成等。

  所以,新的SAT作文考试要求学生首先具备一些基本的英语写作素养,比如说,遣词造句的能力,表达的能力,构建文章的能力。除此之外,新的考试会更关注于学生整体的读与写的能力,包括逻辑思维能力,辩证性思维能力,独立思考能力,论证能力,辩述能力,分析文章能力等。


新SAT写作样题深度解析


  SAT写作改革内容

  ·摘自不同来源的文章;

  ·在阅读文章的时候,考虑作者是如何使用:论据,比如例子和事实;论述:如何建立论述,同时是如何连接论述和证据;

  ·完成一篇作文,来解释作者是如何构建论证来说服读者的。

  虽然作文的分数在整体的SAT考试中是可选的,但在上一篇文章中已经介绍过,写作部分仍是著名大学考核的重要标准,所以童靴们一定要引起足够的重视。

  下面我们通过最新的官方样题来具体分析:

  The following sample Essay prompt is followed by an annotated version of the source text that suggests some of the ways that students might analyze the text in response to the prompt. The annotations are only examples of elements of the passage students may choose to write about.

  As you read the passage below, consider how Paul Bogard uses Evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims.

  Reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence.

  Stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed.

  Adapted from Paul Bogard, “Let There be Dark.” 2012 by the Los Angeles Times. Originally published December 21, 2012.

  At my family’s cabin on a Minnesota lake, I knew woods so dark that my hands disappeared before my eyes. I knew night skies in which meteors left smoky trails across sugary spreads of stars. But now, when 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way, I worry we are rapidly losing night’s natural darkness before realizing its worth. This winter solstice, as we cheer the days’ gradual movement back toward light, let us also remember the irreplaceable value of darkness.

  All life evolved to the steady rhythm of bright days and dark nights. Today, though, when we feel the closeness of nightfall, we reach quickly for a light switch. And too little darkness, meaning too much artificial light at night, spells trouble for all.

  Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen, and the American Medical Association has voiced its unanimous support for “light pollution reduction efforts and glare reduction efforts at both the national and state levels.” Our bodies need darkness to produce the hormone melatonin, which keeps certain cancers from developing, and our bodies need darkness for sleep.

  Sleep disorders have been linked to diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and depression, and recent research suggests one main cause of “short sleep” is “long light.”Whether we work at night or simply take our tablets, notebooks and smart phones to bed, there isn’t a place for this much artificial light in our lives.

  The rest of the world depends on darkness as well, including nocturnal and crepuscular species of birds, insects, mammals, fish and reptiles. Some examples are well known—the400 species of birds that migrate at night? in North America, the sea turtles that come ashore to lay their eggs—and some are not, such as the bats that save American farmers billions in pest control and the moths that pollinate 80% of the world’s flora. Ecological light pollution is like the bulldozer of the night, wrecking habitat and disrupting ecosystems several billion years in the making. Simply put, without darkness, Earth’s ecology would collapse . . .

  In today’s crowded, louder, more fast-paced world, night’s darkness can provide solitude, quiet and stillness, qualities increasingly in short supply. Every religious tradition has considered darkness invaluable for a soulful life, and the chance to witness the universe has inspired artists, philosophers and everyday stargazers since time began. In a world awash with electric light. . . how would Van Gogh have given the world his “Starry Night”? Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren?

  Yet all over the world, our nights are growing brighter. In the United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year. Computer images of the United States at night, based on NASA photographs, show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of light. Much of this light is wasted energy, which means wasted dollars. Those of us over 35 are perhaps among the last generation to have known truly dark nights. Even the northern lake where I was lucky to spend my summers has seen its darkness diminish.

  It doesn’t have to be this way. Light pollution is readily within our ability to solve, using new lighting technologies and shielding existing lights. Already, many cities and towns across North America and Europe are changing to LED streetlights, which offer dramatic possibilities for controlling wasted light. Other communities are finding success with simply turning off portions of their public lighting after midnight. Even Paris, the famed “city of light,” which already turns of fits monument lighting after 1 a.m., will this summer start to require its shops, offices and public buildings to turn off lights after 2 a.m. Though primarily designed to save energy, such reductions in light will also go far in addressing light pollution. But we will never truly address the problem of light pollution until we become aware of the irreplaceable value and beauty of the darkness we are losing.

  Assignment: Write an essay in which you explain how Paul Bogard builds an argument to persuade his audience that natural darkness should be preserved. In your essay, analyze how Bogard uses one or more of the features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the passage.

  Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Bogard’s claims, but rather explain how Bogard builds an argument to persuade his audience.

  分析

  我们来看一下具体该如何着手去写这篇文章,应该从哪几个点来展现作者的意图:

  1. 用词:

  a) The descriptive words used in this sentence add visual intensity, evoking the wonder of the night sky.

  作者是如何使用词汇来突出文章的画面感。

  b) The writer chooses his words carefully in this paragraph in order to shape readers’ perceptions and bolster his claims. For example, he argues that we are using too much light when less needed by referring to light being “wasted.” He also suggests how easily the problem of light pollution might be addressed, using “simply” to describe what“other communities” are doing.

  作者是如何选择词汇来加强自己的论证,同时说服读者相信自己的观点。

  2. 论据:

  The writer uses this statistic as evidence to inform his subsequent claim that we “are rapidly losing night’s natural darkness.

  作者是如何使用数据作为论据引出下面他的观点的。

  3. 如何展开文章:

  The writer continues to draw ?on evidence from the authorities cited above. He uses this evidence to inform his subsequent point ?that “whether we work at night or simply take our . . . smartphones to bed, there isn’t a place for this much artificial light in our lives.”

  作者是如何展开论证,使得整篇文章连为一体,整体联会贯通。

  4. 如何使用论据支持文章:

  The presentation of facts and evidence supports the claim that follows at the end of the paragraph that “without darkness, Earth’s ecology would collapse.”

  作者如何使用合适和相关的论据来支持自己的观点。

  5. 修辞手法:

  a) The writer compares light pollution to the effects of a “bulldozer,” a machine that can be used to ravage land. This imagery dramatizes the destructive potential of light pollution.

  作者是如何使用类比修辞来强调自己的论点。

  b) The use of rhetorical questions encourages the reader to consider a world without Van Gogh’s beloved painting and what Van Gogh’s vision inspires in us all. The suggestion of a world without such artistry and the notion that darkness is “invaluable to a soulful life” are also designed to evoke an emotional reaction in the reader.

  作者是如何使用假设来强调自己的论点。

  以上就是今天分享的SAT考试相关内容了,如果还想获得更多5月SAT考试以及5月SAT作文,或者想要了解更多的6月SAT和9月SAT或者2018SAT考试,都可以关注我们的课窝SAT考试网,在线联系我们,我们也会继续为大家带来更多干货!


底图/

深度解析新SAT写作样题

SAT声明

未经课窝SAT考试网书面许可,任何单位或个人不得转载、复制本网站内容;否则我方将依法追究法律责任。

专家答疑-让专家主动与您联系

获取验证码

联系我们

  • 中国上海
  • 中国南京
  • 新加坡
  • 澳大利亚悉尼
  • 电话4008506500
    QQ1930985533
    微信kewo12
    地址中国上海市杨浦区国泰路11号复旦科技园大厦10楼1001室
  • 电话4008506500
    QQ1930985533
    微信kewo12
    地址中国江苏省南京市秦淮区中山东路198号龙台国际大厦裙楼303室
  • 电话400 880 6200
    QQ1930985533
    微信kewo12
    地址Blk 212 Hougang St 21,#03-329 (S)530212
  • 电话4008506500
    QQ1930985533
    微信kewo12
    地址Suite 601, Level 6, 109 Pitt Street, Sydney, NSW 2000
在线咨询
SAT考试这样准备必拿高分! 在线咨询